Osh is a lively place with the largest and most crowded outdoor market in Central Asia which was a major market along theSilk Road and is now named the Great Silk Road Bazar in reference to its historical importance. The city’s industrial base, established during the Soviet period, largely collapsed after the break-up of the Soviet Union and has recently only started to revive. The proximity of the Uzbekistan border, which cuts through historically linked territories and settlements, deprives Osh of much of its former hinterland and presents a serious obstacle to trade and economic development. Daily flights fromOsh Airport link Osh – and hence the southern part of Kyrgyzstan – to Bishkek and the north. Like most of Kyrgyzstan, Osh has no railway connections, although the recent upgrading of the long and arduous road through the mountains to Bishkek has greatly improved communications.
The city has several monuments, including one to the southern Kyrgyz “queen” Kurmanjan Datka and one of the few remaining statues of Lenin. A Russian Orthodox church, reopened after the demise of the Soviet Union, the largest mosque in the country (situated beside the bazaar) and the 16th-century Rabat Abdul Khan Mosque can be found here. The onlyWorld Heritage Site in Kyrgyzstan, the Sulayman Mountain, offers a splendid view of Osh and its environs. This mountain is thought to be the famous landmark of antiquity known as the “Stone Tower” by some researchers and historians, tha tClaudius Ptolemy wrote about in his famous work Geography (Ptolemy). It marked the midpoint on the ancient Silk Road, the overland trade route taken by caravans between Europe and Asia. The National Historical and Archaeological Museum Complex Sulayman is carved in the mountain, containing a collection of archaeological, geological and historical finds and information about local flora and fauna.
Osh is the second largest city in Kyrgyzstan after the capital city of Bishkek. According to census of 2009 the city population amounted to 258,000 (48% Kyrgyz, 44% Uzbeks, 3% Russians, 2% Turks and 1% Tatars). The population of the city with its suburbs is estimated at about 500,000 inhabitants.
The city is among the oldest settlements in Central Asia. Osh was known as early as the 8th century as a center for silk production along theSilk Road. The famous trading route crossed Alay Mountains to reach Kashgar to the east. In modern times, Osh has become also the starting point of the Pamir Highway crossing the Pamir Mountains to end in Khorog, Tajikistan.
Babur, founder of the Mughal Empire and descendant of Tamerlane, was born in nearby Andijan, in the Fergana Valley, pondered his future on Sulayman Mountain and even constructed a mosque atop of the mountain. Babur somehow concludes that the confines of the Fergana would cramp his aspirations as a descendant of famous conquering warrior princes.
Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country located in Central Asia. Much of the country is within the Tien Shan Mountain Range and as such most of its land area is very rugged and undeveloped. Kyrgyzstan is known for its beautiful landscapes and its long history of nomadic peoples. Some of the country is developed however and Kyrgyzstan’s largest cities are its capital, Bishkek, and Osh. The country is also known for its many ethnic clashes and tensions between its native Kyrgyz people, Uzbeks, and other nationals from its neighboring countries.
Medical Faculty ,Osh State University
Mass public transport
There is public transportation available, including buses, electric trolley buses, and public vans (known in Russian asmarshrutka). The first bus and trolley bus services in Osh were introduced in 1934 and 1951 correspondingly.
Taxi cabs can be found throughout the city.
There is no subway in Osh, but the city is considering designing and building a light rail system (Russian: Бишкекское лёгкое метро).
- Osh Airport is the main air terminal in the south, with daily connections to Bishkek and beyond.
Large, mood-lit basement pub with leather and tartan seats around a fireplace licking electric flames. Extensive cocktail and beer list plus a selection of ‘world’ food including tasty chicken fajitas.
Beneath the big Abdykadyrov bridge, there’s a lounge-bar/karaoke, restaurant section and disco that favours ’80s and ’90s Russian hits on weekend nights.
Dance away the summer nights in this breezy, partly open-air disco tucked into the parkland between Tsarskii Dvor and Koreana Korean restaurants.
Osh’s most complete drinking/dining experience is a hit in summer for its riverside and woodland tea/dining platforms, but it also has a stylishly angular cafe with amply piled cushions on wide sofa seats. Slightly spongy pizza supplements sushi, steaks and local food choices. Separated enough not to disturb diners, the bar is stacked with back-lit bottles. Dancing is possible as the evening wears on.
This big ski-lodge–style log chalet has heavy wooden throne seats, a rear beer terrace and a range of barbeques, fish dishes and sausages. There’s a 20som cover when musicians play (soft sax). Nightclub behind.
Smart restaurant with inverted Aztec pyramid lamps and a wide-ranging menu including Mexican dishes. The cafe section serves top-notch espressos at remarkably inexpensive prices.
This five-peaked rocky crag seems to loom above the city wherever you go. It has been a Muslim place of pilgrimage for centuries, supposedly because the Prophet Mohammed once prayed here. Its slopes are indented with many a cave and crevice each reputed to have different curative or spiritual properties (many detailed on photo-boards in the Cave Museum ). One such is fertility mini-cave Ene-Beshik , its rocks worn smooth by young ladies slithering in to aid their motherly aspirations. You’ll see it right beside the path to the Cave Museum as you descend westward from Suleiman Too’s main viewpoint. On that crag lies the one-room Dom Babura , a 1989 reconstruction of a historic prayer-room whose tradition dates back to 1497, when 14-year-old Zahiruddin Babur of Fergana built himself a little prayer-retreat here. Later famed as progenitor of the Mogul Dynasty, Babur’s place of worship later became highly revered but subsequent incarnations have been destroyed notably by both earthquake (1853) and, in the 1960s, by a ‘mysterious’ explosion.
Allow around 20 minutes’ sweaty climb on the hairpin stairway to Dom Babura from Suleiman Too’s main entrance, which is beside the strange silver-domed building that looks like an alien fairy cake , but actually contains a photography salon. Inside newlyweds can be snapped on honeymoon at the Taj Mahal without actually bothering to leave Osh.
The one-room Dom Babura is a 1989 reconstruction of an historic prayer-room whose tradition dates back to 1497. In that year the 14-year-old Zahiruddin Babur of Fergana built himself a little prayer-retreat here. Later famed as projenitor of the Mogul Dynasty, Babur’s place of private worship became highly revered but various incarnations have been destroyed notably by earthquake (1853) and, in the 1960s, by mysterious explosion. Most local people are convinced that the latter was a Soviet attempt to halt ‘superstition’, ie Islamic pilgrimage.